The United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in the Kingdom of Bahrain
The United Nations Information Centre in Manama is a part of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in the Kingdom of Bahrain along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO), the International Civil Aviation Organization and World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Since the opening of its office in Bahrain 1971, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has enjoyed the full support and contributions of the government of Bahrain. UNDP highly values its cooperation with the Kingdom of Bahrain to promote and implement sustainable human development strategies and programmes through providing policy advice based on national priorities in line with the Kingdom’s reform agenda. UNDP’s main counterpart in the Kingdom of Bahrain is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with support from the Ministry of Finance.
UNDP has ongoing dialogue with a number of government institutions to review their development needs and build strong partnership to meet all Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)and identify key areas of importance to the Kingdom. National ownership and leadership are among key principles of UNDP partnership with programme countries like Bahrain. UNDP responds to needs identified by national stakeholders based on comprehensive consultation. UNDP also provides individual and institutional capacity development where needed, positioning national institutions to be in the leadership role.
Practical work has been conducted in support of key national strategies including National Education, Social Development (Childhood, and Disability), Youth, Environment, and HIV/AIDs strategies. Key national institutions including the Prime Minister’s Court, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Parliament, the Shura Council, the Supreme Council for Women ,Bahrain Institute for Political Development, Ministry of Social Development, Civil Aviation, and Bahrain Institute for Public Administration have received technical and capacity development support during the past years. Other important projects including the political empowerment of women, Microfinance, Supporting of creating an Arab e-Content Center, the support to create a Capacity Assessment Facility, implementation of Youth Strategy, developing of Childhood Strategy, developing the National Strategy for Persons with Disability, and enhancing the capacities within the Parliament’s secretariat are currently under implementation. In all past and ongoing projects, UNDP takes the gender issue into consideration aiming at empowering women socially, economically and politically, and promoting gender mainstreaming and gender sensitive budgeting.
UNEP through its regional office (ROWA) is providing a variety of services to West Asia member states including policy advice, technical assistance, capacity development, networking opportunities, knowledge generation and dissemination, technology transfer and implementation of environmental projects, in additional to the convening role for environmental discussions and negotiations.”
ROWA works closely with the Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife with aim at responding to the country needs and priorities, providing capacity building and technical support. ROWA is undertaking a number of activities relating to priority issues for Bahrain, such as the provision of technical and financial support for the formulation of the Bahrain National Action Plan under the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). It also works with the National Ozone Unit towards protecting the Stratospheric Ozone Layer. This includes carrying out an institutional strengthening project for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, the implementation of the terminal phase-out management plan for Ozone Depleting Substances in cooperation with UNDP and the preparation of the Hydro Chlorofluoro Carbons Phase-out Management Plan in cooperation with UNIDO.
Recognizing the potential human health and environmental issues relating to the production and use of chemicals in industry, UNEP is also working with the Public Commission in developing the National Implementation Plan under the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM).
Climate Change is a priority the world over. UNEP is working in Bahrain with funds from the Global Environment Facility, to prepare the Second National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The project is assisting Bahrain in preparing an inventory of Greenhouse Gases that cause global warming, to build national capacities for assessing vulnerabilities and developing adaptation strategies, specifically in terms of adverse impacts of potential sea level rise. UNEP is also supporting activities to enhance public understanding of the climate change, its causes and impacts, and also supporting the government and the private sector efforts to expedite access to, and initiate investments in, the Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol.
The UNIDO ITPO Bahrain was established in 1996, with the aim of facilitating the mobilization of foreign resources to enhance industrial partnership and cooperation between companies in both the Kingdom and other nations. As industries throughout the world confront the growing challenges of international competition; investment and technology are proving to be two essential components to success in the global market. However, many developing countries and countries with economies in transition face enormous difficulties in attracting investors as well as in gaining access to technology and markets.
Through the UNIDO ITPO Network made up of ten offices (Bahrain, Brazil, Belgium, China, France, Italy, Japan, Korea, Russian Federation and the United Kingdom); ITPO Bahrain provides a wide spectrum of services toinvestors/entrepreneurs ranging from Business Counseling to setting up of joint ventures. ITPO Bahrain provides a unique combination of value-added services to client institutions and entrepreneurs who want to forge new alliances in international industrial investment and technology transfer.
Drawing on these links, ITPO Bahrain is redressing the industrial development imbalance by bringing investment and the latest technology to Bahrain and the region for those mostly in need of a promotional helping hand. At the same time, the ITPO is opening up new opportunities for investors and technology suppliers in finding potential partners.
Arab Regional Center for Entrepreneurship & Investment Training
The attraction of foreign direct investments requires the availability of a strong MSME sector and the provision of high added value services through local support institutions. Accordingly, in 2000, ITPO Bahrain in cooperation with the Bahrain Government and the Indian Government established ARCEIT for the purpose of developing domestic investment; fine-tuning the services of various line ministries and support institutions locally, regionally and internationally.
Thus, ARCEIT functions with an objective of facilitating domestic investment for leveraging foreign direct investments resulting in job creation, poverty reduction, and economic growth.
In the year 2001, ARCEIT conceptualized and implemented the Bahrain – Arab Model for Enterprise Development & Investment Promotion (EDIP) which was officially adopted by UNIDO general conference in 2007 as UNIDO’s methodology for investment promotion and technology transfer. In 2009 EDIP was named best economic developmental program within the UN System.
The overwhelming success of EDIP in many countries, regional and international requests to replicate the Bahrain-Arab model has led to the development of 49 centers around the globe in 32 countries namely Bahrain, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Egypt, Tunisia, Iraq, Laos, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, China, Afghanistan, Uruguay, Brunei, Azerbaijan, Zambia, Zanzibar, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Malaysia, Kazakhstan.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency, created in 1944 upon the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention).
ICAO works with the Convention’s 191 Member States and global aviation organizations to develop international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) which States reference when developing their legally-enforceable national civil aviation regulations.
There are currently over 10,000 SARPs reflected in the 19 Annexes to the Chicago Convention which ICAO oversees, and it is through these provisions – as well as ICAO’s complementary policy, auditing and capacity-building efforts – that today’s global air transport network is able to operate close to 100,000 daily flights, safely, efficiently and securely in every region of the world.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is the UN system’s authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with the oceans, the climate it produces and the resulting distribution of water resources. WMO has a membership of 188 Member States and Territories. It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873.
Established in 1950, WMO became the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1951 for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences. As weather, climate and the water cycle know no national boundaries, international cooperation at a global scale is essential for the development of meteorology and operational hydrology as well as to reap the benefits from their application. WMO provides the framework for such international cooperation. Since its establishment, WMO has played a unique and powerful role in contributing to the safety and welfare of humanity. Under WMO leadership and within the framework of WMO programmes, National Meteorological and Hydrological Services contribute substantially to the protection of life and property against natural disasters, to safeguarding the environment and to enhancing the economic and social well-being of all sectors of society in areas such as food security, water resources and transport.
The objectives of the WMO office for West Asia in Bahrain include: Identifying Members’ requirements and participating in the development and formulation of project proposals for the development of their respective NMHSs; Initiating and follow up on actions related to resource mobilization, in support of national and international projects and programmes, and to follow-up on the implementation of supported projects; and Developing and maintaining close coordination and working relations with all regional and sub regional organizations, including the United NDP, UNEP, ESCWA, ESCAP, the League of Arab States as well as relevant organizations maintaining relations with Arab States; Liaising with Members in the sub region, in order to provide appropriate advice and support in the implementation of WMO activities and to assist in their efforts to strengthen their respective NMHSs; and Contributing to relevant sub regional activities of the WMO Regional Programme.
Locally, the Office works closely with the Meteorological Service, government agencies and academic institutions in matters related to capacity building and increase public awareness in climate and weather related issues such as risk reduction from weather-related disasters and sever weather conditions and monitoring of environment parameters.